In this Feb. 10, 2017, file photo, a sink is pictured on the kitchen of a two-family home in Columbia, S.C. A sink is the centerpiece of the home’s kitchen.
A new federal study released Monday, April 18, 2018, finds that sinks in low-income families that are designed with affordable designs are much more likely to get repaired or replaced than other types of sinks, which are much less likely to be repaired.
The study found that while most low- and moderate-income households have access to at least one sink, more than half have fewer than two sinks.
“It’s not just about bathrooms,” said Dr. Laura R. Johnson, associate director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics.
“Sinks are a significant element of the health care system and if they’re not repaired or fixed, people have higher rates of chronic disease.”
Dr. Johnson said that if more low- to moderate- income people in the U.S. had access to sinks, it could reduce the number of people who die each year of diarrhea or other complications from poor sanitation.
She said it would also help the health system reduce deaths from other illnesses and prevent the spread of diseases like the coronavirus.
While some of the sinks the study examined were designed to last up to 10 years, it was not clear if the same could be said for sinks that are less than 10 years old.
The survey looked at nearly 4,000 homes across the country, and the average age of the sink was 51.4 years.
That number is higher than the national average of 49.9 years, but still a good deal younger than the average for sinks in other types the study studied.
The sink study was funded by the U, D.C.-based Center for Science in the Public Interest, a nonprofit research organization that has focused on health and environmental policy since 2007.
Researchers from the Centers For Disease Control, the Centers of Disease Control-National Center for Public Health, and other partners worked with homeowners and businesses to design and install a series of sink prototypes in more than 200 communities in four states.
The research was based on information from the National Household Survey of Americans, which is conducted every three years and is conducted by the CDC’s National Survey of Households.
It is considered one of the most comprehensive surveys of the U of D’s population.
The results, which were released Monday at the annual meeting of the American Association for Public Opinion Research in Indianapolis, are the latest installment in a larger series of surveys that have found the prevalence of poor sanitation to be high in many U.D. communities.
The report also found that many low- or moderate-wealth households have fewer options to buy new sinks because of cost, and that there are fewer sinks for sale at lower prices in certain parts of the country.
The average cost of a new sink for a low-to-moderate-income family in the survey was $1,854, compared with $1 (about $2,700) for a similar family in high-income communities.
While more than one in five households with sinks in the study did not own a sink, the survey found that a higher percentage of households with one sink were homeowners, renters or other renters than low- income households.
Among low-wealth families, the median age of sinks in those with sinks was 52.8 years, while those with two or more sinks were older, at 53.9 and 52.6 years, respectively.
The prevalence of toilets was also higher in low and moderate income households than in high income families.
The researchers found that 41 percent of low-, middle- and high-wealth people had toilets, compared to 23 percent of high- and middle-income people.
While most low and middle income households in the census have toilets, only one in 10 high- or middle-wealth adults has one, according to the researchers.
They also found there were more toilets for sale in low income communities than high income communities.
Among people with no toilets, the prevalence was 20.8 percent, compared that to 25 percent for people with toilets.
There were no differences in the prevalence between households with and without toilets.
While the overall prevalence of toilet use was higher in higher-income, lower- and medium-income neighborhoods, there was no difference in the percentages of people living in areas with toilets and those without toilets, with no difference between households in low, middle or high- income neighborhoods.
A report published in May 2018 by the National Association of Home Builders said that many homes are already in poor or poor-performing condition, which has led to a shortage of sinks for homeowners, as well as sinks for other functions.
It said that while a high percentage of the homes surveyed were in poor condition, most were in good shape, and most of them could be replaced or repaired.
It also noted